Death toll tops 100 in massive wildfires in Chile

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Santiago, Chile — Firefighters wrestled Sunday with massive forest fires that broke out in central Chile two days earlier, as officials extended curfews in cities most heavily affected by the blazes and said at least 112 people had been killed.

The Interior Ministry said late Sunday there were 40 blazes still burning around the country, Agence-France Presse reported.

Chile Fires
Locals clean the rubble of burnt-out houses after forest fires reached their neighborhood in Vina del Mar, Chile, on Feb. 4, 2024.

Cristobal Basaure / AP


The fires burned with the highest intensity around the city of Viña del Mar, where a famous botanical garden founded in 1931 was destroyed by the flames Sunday. At least 1,600 people were left without homes.

Several neighborhoods on the eastern edge of Viña del Mar were devoured by flames and smoke, trapping some people in their homes. Officials said 200 people were reported missing in Viña del Mar and the surrounding area. The city of 300,000 people is a popular beach resort and also hosts a well-known music festival during the southern hemisphere’s summer.

Abraham Mardones, a welder, evacuated his burning home in Vina del Mar Friday. He told AFP he barely got out on time as the flames raced over a hillside and across several blocks.

Forest fires affect central-southern Chile
A view of car that was destroyed by a wildfire in Quilpue, Chile, on Feb. 4, 2024

Lucas Aguayo Araos / Anadolu via Getty Images


“We looked out again and the fire was already on our walls. It took only 10 minutes. The entire hill burned,” he said, adding that he found several neighbors who had perished when he went back on Sunday.

On Sunday morning, Chilean President Gabriel Boric visited the town of Quilpé, which was also heavily affected by the fires and reported that 64 people had been killed. Late Sunday, Chile’s Forensic Medicine Service updated the confirmed death toll to 112 people.

Boric said the death toll could rise as rescue workers search through homes that have collapsed. Some of those arriving in hospitals were also in critical condition.

Rodrigo Mundaca, the governor of the Valparaiso region, where Viña del Mar and other affected cities are located, said Sunday he believed some of the fires could have been intentionally caused, echoing a theory that had also been mentioned Saturday by Boric.

“These fires began in four points that lit up simultaneously,” Mundaca said. “As authorities we will have to work rigorously to find who is responsible.”

Forest Fires In Chile Kill Dozens As Blazes Hit Towns
Residents clean debris following wildfires in Vina del Mar, Valparaiso region, Chile, on Feb. 4, 2024. 

Bloomberg


The fires around Viña del Mar began in mountainous forested areas that are hard to reach. But they moved into densely populated neighborhoods on the city’s periphery despite efforts by Chilean authorities to slow down the flames.

On Saturday, Boric said unusually high temperatures, low humidity and high wind speeds were making it difficult to control the wildfires in central Chile, which have already burned through 30 square miles of forest and urban areas.

Boric flew over some of the areas burned by the fires Sunday and visited a school that has been turned into a shelter for the displaced. He said that a presidential vacation home on the shores of Viña del Mar that is surrounded by large gardens would be temporarily converted into a leisure center for the children of families affected by the fires.

The president declared two days of national mourning.

“All of Chile is suffering” Boric said. “But we will stand up once again.”

Forest fires affect central-southern Chile
Houses burn in a wildfire in Valparaiso, Chile on the night of Feb. 2, 2024. 

Lucas Aguayo Araos/Anadolu via Getty Images


Officials asked people in areas affected by the fires to evacuate their homes as quickly as possible, while those farther from the fires were told to stay home in order to facilitate the transit of fire engines and ambulances.

Curfews were declared in Viña del Mar and the neighboring cities of Quilpé and Villa Alemana as part of an effort to prevent looting.

The fires broke out during a week of record high temperatures in central Chile. Over the past two months, the El Niño weather pattern has caused droughts and high temperatures in western South America that have also increased the risk of forest fires.

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